Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is made from a patient’s blood and is often used in injections to regenerate cell tissues. PRP is blood plasma that has been collected from the patient’s body and enriched with concentrated platelets infused with a cocktail of bio active proteins and human growth hormones. PRP therapy centers are providing this treatment and aiding patients who are seeking reliable and safe medical treatments. There are various methods of preparation for a PRP injection and it varies from physician to physician. The most common method though, is the centrifugal method.
How is it prepared?
The most common method is to put a sample of patient’s blood in a centrifuge and spinning it at a particular speed. This allows the blood to separate the layers according to the cell types. The centrifuge is spun at a high velocity to achieve this. When the high speed rotation comes to a halt, the blood can be found to have separated into three layers.
– Red Blood Cells (R.B.C), which is approximately 45% of the total composition, settles down at the bottom of the vial.
– White Blood Cells (W.B.C) and platelets, which is less than 1% of the centrifuged liquid, forms a coat in the middle layer.
– Plasma with poor concentration of platelets, which is 55% approximately of the total composition forms the remaining top layer.
Once the centrifuge stops spinning, it is collected by the doctor or the medical technician and prepared for an injection in a PRP therapy.
Centrifugal time and speed varies and depends on what the medical expert sets. The composition of the final product is also affected by this process. Different speeds of the centrifuge provides different compositions of the end result.
What’s in it?
The exact composition of the PRP would vary depending on various factors. The centrifuge speed, the number of plasma platelets in the blood cells, contribute towards the composition of the PRP injection. The final injection is produced from a patient’s blood sample and hence, the blood sample also plays a crucial role in the composition. Apart from that, any additive added by the doctor can change the composition of the PRP injection.
The main components of a PRP injection would include:
1. Platelet Concentration
An average human’s blood has about 150,000 to 450,000 platelets present per 1 micro liter of blood. And, the platelet rich plasma count can vary 2.5 to 9 times that of the platelet count. Concentration level varies on various factors like how much blood was drawn from the patient, the centrifuge speed, and use of additives.
While it seems normal to assume that the blood sample with higher concentration of platelet counts may get higher plasma rich platelets, it is not always the case. In fact, a study done by a lab showed that a blood concentration level of plasma 2.5 times that of the normal platelet count is ideal for PRP injections. If the PRP level went any higher than that, it could actually limit new cell growth, hence, halting the required speedy recovery.
2. White Blood Cells Count
White blood cells help fight infections in the body and bolsters the immune system. However, in PRP injections, the role of white blood cells is unclear. Some believe that it actually inhibits the healing process. There was a research conducted which showed the scarring of tissues and inflammation experienced by several patients at the healing region. Other experts, however, believe that, it has no negative effects on the healing process. And, it is actually beneficial to have white blood cells infused with the PRP injections. As far as the concentration levels are concerned, it again depends on the preparation method, the speed of the centrifuge, the duration of the centrifuge and the individual’s blood sample concentration. These factors play an important role in a PRP therapy.
Some doctors mix additives into the platelet-rich plasma. These additives, called thrombin and calcium chloride, artificially activate the platelets, stimulate clotting, and may enhance platelet-rich plasma’s regenerative properties.
Advantages of PRP Injections:
1. PRP injections are prepared from the patient’s own blood, which means it is natural and carries virtually no risk at all.
2. Compared to some of the other treatments available in the market, plasma rich platelets provide an alternate and cost-effective treatment:
3. Physical Therapy can often improve the condition; however, it is not able to eliminate the symptoms always.
4. Cortisone Injections have been found to weaken tendons and ligaments over time.
5. Anti-inflammatory medicines like Aspirin or Ibuprofen can provide temporary relief from the pain; however, would fail to treat the disease in any way.
6. Surgeries to treat the disease may or may not prove fruitful and is a hard dent in your bank account.
7. Joint replacement surgeries are quite a lengthy procedure and should be reserved for worse case scenarios and not for common joint pains.
PRP therapy is commonly used as a conservative treatment to enhance rehabilitative efforts, manage pain, accelerate healing and regeneration of healthy tissue as an alternative to surgery. Here is a brief overview of the benefits of PRP therapy:
- Accelerated Recovery Time
- You would be able to recover from the disease faster than the traditional methods.
- Tissue Regeneration
- The tissue is generated fully at the place of the injury and the process is absolutely risk-free, since the patient’s own blood sample are used.
- Pain Reduction
- Relief from pain is almost prevalent in all the cases.
- Definitive Tissue Repair
- The tissue is repaired fully and completely during the healing process. The plasma rich platelets provide the required healing power to the blood cells which regenerate the tissues.
With four locations in the Chicago metro area, the Chicagoland Medical is committed to helping as many people as possible to get and stay well, utilizing a natural first approach. Patients will receive a thorough and comprehensive treatment that seeks to cure the root of the problem and not just the symptoms. If you’re looking for reliable and effective PRP therapy in Chicago, set an appointment with us today!